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How to Write a Masterpiece of a Resume. This award-winning guide to dissertation for msc, resume writing will teach you to empathetic listening essay, write a resume equal to one done by a top-notch professional writer. Biotechnology. It offers examples, format choices, help writing the objective, the summary and other sections. It is one of the referendum 1980, most trusted resume-writing guide on biotechnology the planet, recently updated, and viewed by more than 20 million people. Define your target market Play up transferrable skills Key in on the tribe. First: Focus Your Objective Your Summary Skills and Accomplishments. Own your digital footprint Use social media to your advantage Leverage keywords. Visual appeal, format, and empathetic listening, length Consistency Details that matter. Writing a great resume does not necessarily mean you should follow the rules you hear through the grapevine. It does not have to be one page or follow a specific resume format.
Every resume is biotechnology, a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. It should be appropriate to your situation and do exactly what you want it to do. Instead of a bunch of rules and tips, we are going to cut to the chase in the essay this brief guide and offer you the most basic principles of writing a highly effective resume. Who are we to dissertation, be telling you how to write your resume? Our specialty at Rockport Institute is career change coaching, counseling and consulting. We help clients design and change to empathetic essay, a new career or job, one they will love; work that makes full use of their talents, fits their personality, their values, and for msc, is also practical, from Fortune 500 C.E.O.s, mid and early career professionals, artists, technical people, millenials, and others in nearly every field of the essay endeavor.
Our staff has been commended for excellence by two U.S. presidents. Our first book, The Pathfinder: How to Choose or Change Your Career for a Lifetime of Satisfaction and Success was a top-10 national bestseller. That is our one and only specialty. If you think you may be in the wrong career, check out our main website. The most difficult resumes to write are those of career changers since they depend on for msc biotechnology thinking out a clear marketing proposition. So, we are resume experts, but WE DO NOT WRITE RESUMES. A resume for a mid-level professional can easily cost $1000. With this guide, you can do it yourself. The good news and the bad – The good news is that, with a little extra effort, you can create a resume that makes you stand out define assigned, as a superior candidate for a job you are seeking. Not one resume in a hundred follows the principles that stir the interest of prospective employers. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well written resume you should be invited to interview more often than many people more qualified than you.
The bad news is that your present resume is probably much more inadequate than you now realize. You will have to dissertation, learn how to think and write in rubric 10 a style that may be new to for msc, you. If you’ve been online trying to listening, make sense of all that’s out there about resume writing – much of dissertation for msc it conflicting advice – stay right here. We have the final word on those nagging questions (Length? Format? Font? Keywords?). We have clear, no-nonsense guidance based on thousands of real-life success stories. Here’s how to define assigned, do it yourself, broken down in 10 parts. Our guide is based on one fundamental premise: Your resume is a marketing document. It’s not the history of your past; it’s an ad.
You’re selling yourself to the employer, and dissertation for msc, competing against other people who are attempting to do the same thing. A great resume doesn’t just tell them what you have done but makes the same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits . It presents you in the best light. It convinces the employer that you have what it takes to 1980, be successful in this new position or career. Dissertation Biotechnology. It inspires the prospective employer to pick up the phone and ask you to come in. YOU’RE ADVERTISING YOURSELF. Here’s a key thing we know based on essay deep research: Every resume is a one-of-a-kind marketing communication.
It should be appropriate to your situation and do exactly what you want it to do. The reality is for msc biotechnology, that most resumes fail to on why i want, stir the interest of prospective employers. Dissertation For Msc. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well-written resume you should be invited to interview more often than many people – even people more qualified than you. A great resume doesn’t only tell the employer what you have done. It makes the same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits. It presents you in the best possible light. It convinces the employer that you absolutely have what it takes to be successful in this new position or career. The very best marketing is research-based marketing. So, do your research.
Visit the employer’s website often and follow the organization on social media. Empathetic Listening Essay. (Do this of course after doing any necessary cleanup of dissertation for msc biotechnology your social media profile – more on on why i want that in Section 8 of this guide, WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES .) What types of accomplishments do they celebrate and how can you weave similar accomplishments into your resume? What kind of dissertation for msc language do they use to describe achievements? If almost everything is “significant” or “breakthrough,” how do you tactfully place those words in various sections of your resume? You have to know your customer’s needs – and have a very clear sense of the skills they’re looking for empathetic listening in their ideal job candidate. Our experience shows that your resume must demonstrate that you have at dissertation for msc biotechnology least 70% of hero a job’s requirements to have a legitimate hope of dissertation for msc biotechnology landing an quebec referendum essay, interview. Do all the research you can, from online searches and social media tracking to networking with people you know. Dissertation For Msc Biotechnology. If you know anyone who works there, definitely approach them for hooks a conversation – or better yet, coffee or lunch. TIP: Avoid HR at this stage: HR teams are constantly pushing back on unsolicited inquiries from people who want jobs. A sobering fact is dissertation biotechnology, that job recruiters spend an average of six seconds on every resume as they sort through digital stacks of the essay applicants. So, focus on the employer’s needs, not yours . It is imperative that you take what you learn during your research and apply it as you customize your resume.
There is for msc, no shame in adjusting your resume to appeal to your target audience; in rubric grade fact, the opposite is true. It would be inadvisable not to adapt your resume – even if slightly – for each job application. Imagine that you are the person doing the hiring. This someone with skin in the game. Often, it’s the person who is responsible for the bottom-line performance of the for msc biotechnology, project or team you hope to define assigned, join. This is someone who cares deeply how well the job will be done. You need to dissertation for msc, write your resume to appeal directly to define assigned, him or her: If this person thinks you can be an asset and dissertation biotechnology, help make them look good, you have a real shot. To reiterate: Your resume is a very informed, targeted advertisement. At the end of the day it’s an hero essay hooks, ad…nothing more, nothing less.
2. YOUR RESUME’S #1 JOB: LAND AN INTERVIEW. It’s critical to always bear in mind that your resume is dissertation, a tool with one specific purpose: to win an interview. Define Assigned. If it doesn’t, it isn’t an effective resume. So how do you prevail? First, embrace some basic truths about the job-seeking landscape. First, let go of any misguided preconceptions about what your resume is: It’s not about you. Like any strong piece of for msc advertising, it’s not about the product being sold – it’s about the buyer and what they want.
Consider Coke advertisements: They say very little about the soft drink; they say a lot about how people who drink the beverage are happy and have a lot of happy people around them. The focus is on the benefits of drinking Coke. Your resume is persuasive rubric 10, about the benefits of hiring you. Your resume is not a place to dissertation biotechnology, brag; nor is it a place to be modest. Its sole purpose is to generate interest in you.
What differentiates you from the competition. In addition to on why i want, including all relevant information about your skills, background, accomplishments, etc. (see Section 5 and Section 6), find ways to include details that could generate curiosity. Were you born in a different country? Is there community or volunteer work that’s appealing? Are you fluent in multiple languages?
Did you go through college in for msc three years – or later in life? These are real people reading your resume, and maybe there’s a fact about you they’ll relate to or find interesting. What does that mean? In The Pathfinder, we discuss how roughly 75% of people have a personality type we describe as Tribal. They are group workers, usually most successful and satisfied working with and through other people as members of an organization, group, or ‘tribe.’” They are at their best when they are attuned to the tribe and the essay, contributing to its goals. (For the record, the other 25% are what we call Maestros who identify as specialist – e.g., “I am a software developer” versus “I work for Microsoft” – for for msc biotechnology more, see The Pathfinder.) Back to the tribe: If you’re selling yourself to an organization, you’re selling yourself to a tribe.
The tribe’s members will have to hero essay hooks, be convinced that you’re “one of dissertation biotechnology them.” Use the research conducted in essay rubric 10 Section 1 to inform your approach in how you construct and write your resume. Consider the scenario of two tribes living on for msc biotechnology opposite sides of a lake. If you want to be hired by the tribe across the lake, you want to appear as though you’re already one of them. This will inform everything you put in your resume – from the adjectives you use to the aspects of the essay your education and work experience that you emphasize, to the outside interests you include. If the employer’s mission statement includes language about “customer focus” and its website talks about “innovation,” those words should be reflected in your resume (in a not-too-obvious way). If the employer is dissertation, “results-driven” and define assigned, cares about “sustainable solutions,” make it clear that you are results-focused and understand the importance of sustainable progress. You have to learn how to biotechnology, write powerful but subtle advertising copy. An effective way to do this is to think of it as telling an introductory story. Hero. When you meet someone, you want to know “their story,” right?
It’s the same for that hiring manager looking at your resume. It’s important that all of the information you present fits together cohesively, and helps the hiring manager understand your background, skills and capacities, and the educational and work experiences that have led to for msc biotechnology, you to where you are today. While you are selling a product, you shouldn’t “hard sell” or make any claims that are not true. Most employers respond to resumes that are both impressive as well as credible. The Essay. They are not fond of hyperbole; they also have no way of knowing if you’re being overly-modest. It’s a balancing act.
3. KNOW EXACTLY WHAT KIND OF RESUME YOU’RE WRITING. There are three basic types of resumes: Chronological, Functional, and “Combined” Chronological – Functional. Generally speaking, we prefer the Combined approach – but this decision should be informed by the type of job you’re seeking and the type of employer you’re seeking to impress. For example, if you’re applying for a job in a more traditional field such as law, science, or engineering, a Chronological approach would be best. Dissertation For Msc. If you are changing your career or returning to the job market after a break, a Functional resume is the way to go.
A Combined approach offers the most flexibility; and on why i want to teach, if you’re in biotechnology a creative field, you might make modifications to a Combined format that showcase your artistic eye or style. Listening. At the end of the day, it’s all about dissertation, generating the best marketing copy to sell yourself. The chronological resume is the more traditional resume structure. The Experience section is the focus of the resume; each job (or the last several jobs) is described in some detail, and there is no major section of skills or accomplishments at grade 10 the beginning of the resume. This structure is dissertation biotechnology, primarily used when you are staying in essay hooks the same profession and in the same type of work. It is also commonly used in biotechnology certain fields such as law and academia.
We recommend that the chronological resume always have an Objective or Summary for the reader. Advantages: This approach may appeal to more traditional readers and may be best in the essay conventional or conservative fields. For Msc. It makes it easier to understand what you did in what job, and may help the name of the employer stand out (if it’s impressive). The disadvantage is that it is the essay, much more difficult to highlight what you do best. This format is rarely appropriate for someone making a career change.
The functional resume highlights your major skills and accomplishments from the very beginning. It helps the reader see clearly what you can do for them, rather than having to read through the job descriptions to find out. Actual company names and positions are in a subordinate position, with no description under each. Dissertation For Msc. There are many different types of formats for functional resumes. The functional resume is a must for career changers, but is very appropriate for generalists, for empathetic listening essay those with spotty or divergent careers, for those with a wide range of skills in dissertation for msc their given profession, for students, for military officers, for hero hooks homemakers returning to the job market, and for for msc biotechnology those who want to make slight shifts in their career direction. Advantages: It will help you most in reaching for a new goal or direction, and it is highly recommended for such purposes. Hero Essay Hooks. The disadvantage is that it isn’t easy for the employer to quickly discern exactly what you did in each job (which could be a problem for dissertation some conservative resume reviewers).
A combined resume includes elements of define assigned both the chronological and functional formats. It may be a shorter chronology of biotechnology job descriptions preceded by a short “Skills and Accomplishments” section – or with a longer Summary including a skills list or a list of “qualifications”). It can also be a standard functional resume with the accomplishments under headings of grade different jobs held. There are important advantages to dissertation for msc biotechnology, this combined approach: It maximizes the the essay, advantages of for msc both kinds of resumes, avoiding potential negative effects of either type. One disadvantage is that it tends to be a longer resume.
Another is that it can be repetitious: Accomplishments and skills may have to be repeated in both the “functional” section and the “chronological” job descriptions. 4. GUIDANCE FOR A CAREER CHANGE RESUME. Clearly, career change has become a new norm of working. Define Assigned. As we noted in Section 3, a career-change job search calls for a Functional resume. DEFINE YOUR TARGET MARKET. “Target market” in for msc biotechnology advertising refers to people a company aims to turn into customers. In your career-change job search, your target is the collection of specific organizations that might hire you to do what you want to do…where you want to do it.
Start with geographic requirements – is the essay to teach, world…. or Seattle? Within that geographic area, target the type of dissertation for msc organization that interests you: profit-making, non-for-profit, or government? What kind of business or industry? What size organization? Once you have your parameters, identify specific employers and learn all you can about them. What is on why to teach, their history? What do they emphasize in dissertation biotechnology their messaging? Who are the decision makers? What is define assigned, their hiring philosophy? What kind of dissertation for msc work culture is it?
In addition to digging around online and in social media, use your networking skills to learn all you can to help inform how you customize your resume. PLAY UP TRANSFERRABLE SKILLS. Jobs in hero essay hooks very different professional fields can often have a number of dissertation for msc similar requirements. Let’s say that you want to go from a marketing position in a pharmaceutical firm to a fund-raising role for a not-for-profit. What are the skills you’ve already demonstrated that are applicable? They may be more than you think. Consider these possibilities: Time management Project management Collaboration Persuasive communicating Strong decision-making Composure under pressure Innovative problem-solving. You should also be prepared to speak to your motivation for the essay a career change. You can weave a little of dissertation for msc biotechnology this into your Objective, then also be prepared to write about it briefly in your cover letter, and then of course speak to it when you land an interview. As a career changer, you are effectively moving from one tribe to another.
Within the bounds of integrity, the story you tell has to explain why the tribe you now want to enter is essay hooks, really the for msc biotechnology, right one for the essay you (and not the other one). This is another instance where research is critical. Go to LinkedIn and similar sites and take a look at a good number of resumes of people seeking similar jobs. Also, tap into your circle of colleagues, friends, and family. For Msc Biotechnology. Tune into the axis we call the Quality of Transactions in persuasive essay rubric 10 The Pathfinder. The basic premise of this model is that the closer you are to connections that are “hot” (e.g., someone high up in the organization is willing to go to bat for you) versus “cold” (no connections and dissertation for msc biotechnology, a basic resume submitted), the more likely you are to essay, have quality transactions that can result in getting you hired. Dissertation Biotechnology. Even somewhere in the “warm” range – maybe you know someone who knows someone in a position to hooks, help – is highly preferable to dissertation for msc, coming in cold. And create partners: Scan the connections of essay on why i want to teach your connections on LinkedIn.
Then follow up energetically (more on this in dissertation Section 7 on empathetic listening Digital Angles). TIP: There tends to be higher scrutiny of career changers, so the extent to which you can gain traction within the dissertation for msc, tribe is of fundamental importance. 5. THE JUICE: YOUR ASSERTIONS SECTION. In most cases, a great resume has two main sections. Define Assigned. In the first, you make assertions about your abilities, qualities, and achievements. You write powerful, but honest, advertising copy that grabs the dissertation for msc biotechnology, reader’s attention. (Exceptions to this are resumes targeting generally conservative fields such as law, science, or engineering.) The second section, the evidence section, is where you back up your assertions with evidence that you actually did what you said you did. This is where you list and describe the jobs you’ve held, your education, etc.
And if you have opted to pass on an Assertions section, you have to build a powerful evidence-based resume that builds the case for on why i want you as a candidate – with especially compelling skills and biotechnology, accomplishments summarized in the top half of the first page. The real juice in your resume is essay, what you assert about yourself right up front. For Msc Biotechnology. This is define assigned, where you shine. The hard truth based on research: Only one interview is dissertation for msc, granted for every 200 resumes received by the average employer. Research also tells us that your resume will be quickly scanned, rather than read. You have only essay i want to teach seconds to persuade a prospective employer to read further. The top half of the first page of dissertation for msc biotechnology your resume will either make or break your chances. Ask yourself: What does the employer really want? How would you fill those shoes?
What would set a truly exceptional candidate apart from a merely good one? If you are not sure what would make someone a superior candidate, you can gather intel from the job postings you see, and/or from people who work in quebec 1980 essay the same company or the same field. You could even call the prospective employer and ask them what they want. Don’t make wild guesses. Write down everything you have ever done that demonstrates that you’re the right fit for the job and the prospective employer. You don’t have to confine yourself to work-related accomplishments.
TIP: Use your entire life as the for msc biotechnology, palette to paint with. The point is to cover all possible ways of hero essay thinking about and communicating what you do well. What are the dissertation, talents you bring to the marketplace? If you are making a career change or are a new to the job market, you are going to essay rubric grade 10, have to be especially creative in getting across what makes you stand out. This initial brainstorming focus will generate the raw material from which you craft your resume. So many resumes we see make a gallant effort to for msc, inform the reader. But we don’t want the employer to be informed; we want them to persuasive rubric 10, be interested and curious.
In fact, it’s best to for msc, leave your reader with a few questions they would like to define assigned, ask you. In your assertions section, state your Objective – your intended job. Dissertation. Ideally, your resume should convey why you are the perfect candidate for empathetic one specific job or job title. There is dissertation, debate out there about whether to state an Objective, but generally speaking, we think it’s a good idea. If you’re in a creative field or have gained insights suggesting that the employer would prefer an outside-of-the-box approach, perhaps you forego an Objective. Keep it to the point, and keep the employer front and center as your write. Consider this example. The owner of a small software company advertises for an experienced software salesperson. A week later they have 500 resumes.
The applicants have a bewildering variety of backgrounds, and the employer has no way of knowing whether any of them are really interested in selling software. Then the essay on why to teach, employer spots a resume that starts with the following: “OBJECTIVE – a software sales position in an organization seeking an dissertation biotechnology, extraordinary record of generating new accounts, exceeding sales targets and enthusiastic customer relations.” This is i want, a fit . Not only for msc does this candidate want the job, they want to make a real contribution. Job-seekers often make the empathetic listening, mistake of saying something like, “a position where I can hone my skill as a scissors sharpener.” Examples follow. For Msc. In all of these examples, the underlined words and phrases could be interchanged with words and phrases relevant to your expertise, industry, and the type of role you are seeking. In this example, the define assigned, statement is for msc, not preceded by the word “Objective.” Experienced IT professional offering more than five years of 1980 hands-on experience in programming , web development , and IT trouble-shooting , and seeks leadership role in leading digital organization. In this example, you see a collection of brief descriptions versus a formally stated objective in a grammatically complete sentence. Strategic thinker and communicator . Expert storyteller . A decade of deadline -driven on-air reporting . Ready to pivot to executive producer role.
In this example, the applicant uses a first-person approach to a creative role. “If the client wants a logo people will remember, I give them one people will never forget. If they want their brand to communicate , I make it sing .” In this example, the job-seeker approaches a traditional job role with a traditional string of statements. CPA and CIA with 15 years of experience in for msc financial services for global organizations. Financial strategist with track record for onsidered and on why i want, decisive recommendations , as well as thorough compliance with all federal, state, and dissertation biotechnology, internal regulations . Excels at individual as well as collaborative efforts. Known for work ethic and integrity. In this example, you see a more traditional approach by empathetic listening essay a recent graduate seeking an entry-level role in a conventional job sector. OBJECTIVE: A starting position in an engineering organization where leading-edge skills and deep commitment to every project would be an asset to the company and its people.
TIP: The point of using an Objective is to create a specific psychological response in the mind of the reader. If you are making a career change or have a limited work history, you want the employer to for msc biotechnology, immediately focus on where you are going, rather than where you have been. If you are looking for another job in quebec essay your present field, it is more important to stress your qualities, achievements and abilities first. It is for msc, sometimes appropriate to include your Objective in your Summary section rather than have a separate Objective section. The “Summary” or “Summary of Qualifications” consists of several concise statements that focus the reader’s attention on your most important qualities, achievements, and listening essay, abilities. (NOTE: If you are on LinkedIn, it is important that the summary in for msc your resume be reflected in what you have in your LinkedIn summary. You have a lot more space to work with in LinkedIn, so they needn’t match exactly, but they should be close enough that they show consistency. Define Assigned. You should be recognizable as the for msc, same person!) The things you mention should be the most compelling demonstrations of the essay why you should be hired – not the other candidates. This is your brief window of opportunity to dissertation, highlight your most impressive qualities – the grade 10, spiciest part of your resume. In fact, this may be the only section fully read by the employer, so it must be strong and convincing.
The Summary is the one place to dissertation, include professional characteristics (highly energetic, a gift for hooks solving complex problems in a fast-paced environment, a natural salesperson, exceptional interpersonal skills, committed to excellence, etc.). Gear every word in the Summary to your goal: getting that interview. Here are the most common ingredients of a well-written Summary. A short phrase describing your profession Followed by dissertation for msc biotechnology a statement of define assigned broad or specialized expertise Followed by two or three additional statements related to dissertation, any of the following: breadth or depth of skills unique mix of skills range of environments in which you have experience a special or well-documented accomplishment a history of awards, promotions, or superior performance commendations One or more professional or appropriate personal characteristics A sentence describing professional objective or interest. You would not necessarily use all these ingredients in one Summary.
Use the ones that highlight you best. The examples below show how to include your objective in the Summary section. TIP: If you are making a career change, your Summary section should show how what you have done in the past prepares you to do what you seek to define assigned, do in the future. If you are new to the job market, your Summary will be based more on ability than experience. A few examples of Summary sections:
Highly motivated, creative and versatile real estate executive with seven years of dissertation for msc biotechnology experience in property acquisition, development and empathetic, construction, as well as the management of dissertation biotechnology large apartment complexes. Empathetic. Especially skilled at building effective, productive working relationships with clients and staff. Excellent management, negotiation and for msc biotechnology, public relations skills. Seeking a challenging management position in the real estate field that offers extensive contact with the define assigned, public. Over 10 years as an organizational catalyst/training design consultant with a track record of producing extraordinary results for more than 20 national and for msc, community based organizations. A commitment to human development and community service. Energetic self-starter with excellent analytical, organizational, and creative skills. On Why. Financial Management Executive with nearly ten years of experience in banking and dissertation for msc, international trade, finance, investments and economic policy. Innovative in structuring credit enhancement for corporate and municipal financing.
Skilled negotiator with strong management, sales and marketing background. Areas of essay expertise include (a bulleted list would follow this paragraph.) Health Care Professional experienced in management, program development and policy making in for msc biotechnology the United States as well as in several developing countries. I Want To Teach. Expertise in emergency medical services. A talent for dissertation for msc analyzing problems, developing and simplifying procedures, and finding innovative solutions. Proven ability to motivate and work effectively with persons from other cultures and all walks of life. The Essay. Skilled in for msc biotechnology working within a foreign environment with limited resources.
Commander – Chief Executive Officer of the U.S. Quebec Essay. Navy, Atlantic Fleet. Expertise in all areas of management, with a proven record of unprecedented accomplishment. History of the highest naval awards and rapid promotion. Proven senior-level experience in executive decision-making, policy direction, strategic business planning, Congressional relations, financial and personnel management, research and development, and aerospace engineering. Extensive knowledge of government military requirements in dissertation for msc systems and define assigned, equipment. Committed to the highest levels of professional and dissertation for msc biotechnology, personal excellence. Performing artist with a rich baritone voice and unusual range, specializing in classical, spiritual, gospel and rap music. Featured soloist for two nationally televised events. Accomplished pianist.
Extensive performance experience includes television, concert tours and club acts. Available for commercial recording and live performances. SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. In this final part of the assertions section, go into more detail. In the summary, you focused on your most special highlights. Now you tell the rest of the best of your story. Let the employer know what results you produced, what happened because of referendum 1980 essay your efforts, what you are especially gifted or experienced at doing. TIP: Don’t tell them everything you’ve ever done.
It’s okay – in dissertation biotechnology fact, advisable – to leave to your readers wondering about a thing or two in a positive way. Sometimes the “Skills and Accomplishments” section is a separate section. In a chronological resume, it becomes the first few phrases of the descriptions of the various jobs you have held. We will cover that in a few minutes, when we discuss the different types of resumes. Define Assigned. When it is a separate section, it can have several possible titles, depending on your situation: SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS ACCOMPLISHMENTS SUMMARY OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS SELECTED ACCOMPLISHMENTS RECENT ACCOMPLISHMENTS AREAS OF ACCOMPLISHMENT AND EXPERIENCE AREAS OF EXPERTISE CAREER HIGHLIGHTS PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS ADDITIONAL SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. There are options for how to structure your “Skills and Accomplishments” section. Whichever you choose, put your skills and accomplishments in order of importance for the desired career goal. If you have many skills, the dissertation for msc, last skill paragraph might be called “Additional Skills.” TIP: Be sure to the essay, use action-oriented words.
These include words such as Delivered; Created; Solved; Boosted; Designed; Transformed; and for msc, Elevated (for more see our Section 9 on essay on why i want Power Words). Here are a few ways you could structure your “Skills and dissertation, Accomplishments” section: A listing of skills or accomplishments or a combination of both, with bullets. SELECTED SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. Raised $1,900 in 21 days in define assigned canvassing and advocacy on biotechnology environmental, health and consumer issues. Conducted legal research for four Assistant U.S. Attorneys, for the U.S.
Attorney’s office Coordinated Board of Directors and listening, Community Advisory Board of community mental health center. Biotechnology. Later commended as “the best thing that ever happened to that job.” A listing of empathetic essay major skill headings with accomplishments under each. The accomplishments can be a bulleted list or in paragraph form. The material under the headings should include mention of accomplishments which prove each skill. National Training Project / Conference Management. Director of Outreach on Hunger, a national public education/training project funded by for msc biotechnology USAID, foundations and hero essay hooks, all the major church denominations.
Designed, managed and promoted three-day training conferences in cities throughout the U.S. Planned and managed 32 nationwide training seminars and for msc biotechnology, a five-day annual conference for university vice-presidents and i want, business executives. Program Design: Universities. Invited by Duke University President Terry Sanford to dissertation, develop new directions and programs for the University’s Office of Summer Educational Programs, first Director of essay i want Duke’s “Pre-college Program,” first editor of “Summer at Duke.” Designed and for msc, successfully proposed a center for the study of creativity at The George Washington University. A list of bulleted accomplishments or skill paragraphs under each job (in a chronological resume).
Director of Sales and hero, Marketing. DELAWARE TRADE INTERNATIONAL, INC. Wilmington, DE. Promoted from Sales Representative within one year of joining company to Director of Sales and Marketing. Dissertation For Msc Biotechnology. Responsible for rubric grade 10 international sales of for msc raw materials, as well as printing and graphic arts equipment. Define Assigned. Oversaw five sales managers.
Was in charge of direct sales and marketing in for msc biotechnology 17 countries throughout Europe and the Middle East. Recruited, trained and managed sales staff. Developed marketing strategy, prepared sales projections and persuasive rubric, established quotas. Selected and contracted with overseas sub-agents to dissertation biotechnology, achieve international market penetration. Negotiated and finalized long-term contractual agreements with suppliers on behalf of clients. Oversaw all aspects of transactions, including letters of credit, international financing, preparation of define assigned import/export documentation, and shipping/freight forwarding. Dissertation For Msc Biotechnology. Planned and administered sales and marketing budget, and maintained sole profit/loss responsibility. Within first year, doubled company’s revenues, and produced $7-9 million in annual sales during the next eight years. 6. Rubric. THE NITTY GRITTY: YOUR EVIDENCE SECTION.
The evidence section includes some or all of the following: experience, education, and possibly additional items such as awards, affiliations, and publications. While this section is secondary to your assertions section, it is still incredibly important. TIP: Think of it as the dissertation, foundation holding up your assertions so they can shine. If this section isn’t strong enough, the resume doesn’t hold together and the hiring manager will question the quebec referendum 1980, credibility of dissertation biotechnology your assertions. List jobs in hero essay reverse chronological order. Don’t go into detail on the jobs early in your career; focus on the most recent and/or relevant jobs. (Summarize a number of the earliest jobs in one line or very short paragraph, or list only the bare facts with no position description.) Decide which is, overall, more impressive – your job titles or the names of the firms you worked for – then consistently begin with the more impressive of the dissertation for msc biotechnology, two, perhaps using boldface type. You may want to describe the employer in a phrase in parentheses if this will impress the reader. Include military service, internships, and major volunteer roles if desired; because the section is labeled “Experience.” It does not mean that you were paid.
Other possible headings here include: “Professional History,” “Professional Experience”–not “Employment” or “Work History,” both of which sound more lower-level. A note about dates throughout the evidence section: Be honest but also strategic. Generally speaking, put dates in italics at the end of the job to de-emphasize them. Don’t include months, unless the job was held less than a year. If you’re old enough to have considered botox, consider what you might “botox” in hero essay hooks your resume.
The year you earned your degree(s) doesn’t have to be included. Dissertation For Msc Biotechnology. And as you summarize your early career, there is no need to essay, include dates in this information. Biotechnology. If there are gaps in your recent professional experience, use years versus months. Don’t put down anything that isn’t true – it’s too easy for employers to check information and discover mistruths. But be prepared to listening, speak to any gaps in a way that supports the overall story you’re telling about yourself. List education in reverse chronological order – degrees or licenses first, followed by certificates and advanced training.
Set degrees apart so they are easily seen. Put in for msc boldface whatever will be most impressive. Don’t include any details about college except your major and distinctions or awards you have won, unless you are still in the essay college or just recently graduated. Include grade-point average only if over 3.4. List selected coursework if this will help convince the dissertation for msc, reader of your qualifications for the essay the targeted job. Include advanced training, but be selective with the information, summarizing the information and dissertation for msc biotechnology, including only what will be impressive for the reader. Empathetic Listening. No degree yet?
If you are working on for msc an uncompleted degree, include the listening essay, degree and afterwards, in dissertation for msc biotechnology parentheses, the expected date of on why to teach completion: B.S. (expected 20__). If you didn’t finish college, start with a phrase describing the biotechnology, field studied, then the define assigned, school, then the dates (the fact that there was no degree may be missed). Other headings might be “Education and dissertation biotechnology, Training,” “Education and Licenses,” “Legal Education / Undergraduate Education” (for attorneys). If the only awards received were in school, put these under the Education section. Rubric. Mention what the for msc, award was for essay i want if you can (or just “for outstanding accomplishment” or “outstanding performance”). If you have received awards, this section is almost a must. Biotechnology. If you have received commendations or praise from define assigned, some very senior source, you could call this section, “Awards and for msc biotechnology, Commendations.” In that case, go ahead and quote the source.
Professional Affiliations. Include only persuasive grade 10 those that are current, relevant and impressive. Include leadership roles if appropriate. This is a good section for dissertation for msc biotechnology communicating your status as a member of the essay a minority targeted for special consideration by employers, or for showing your membership in dissertation for msc an association that would enhance your appeal as a prospective employer. This section can be combined with “Civic / Community Leadership” as “Professional and Community Memberships.” Languages. Being fluent in more than one language is listening, definitely something to include. For Msc Biotechnology. Civic / Community Leadership. This is good to the essay, include if the leadership roles or accomplishments are related to the job target and can show skills acquired, for example, a loan officer hoping to become a financial investment counselor who was Financial Manager of a community organization charged with investing its funds. Any Board of Directors membership or “chairmanship” would be good to include. Be careful with political affiliations, as they could be a plus or minus with an employer or company. Dissertation For Msc. Publications.
Include only if published, and provide links where you can if you think the work is impressive and relevant. Summarize if there are many. Comments from the essay, Supervisors, Clients, other Professional Elite. Include only if very exceptional. Heavily edit for dissertation biotechnology key phrases. Personal Interests. Tread thoughtfully here. While personal interests tend to essay rubric grade 10, feature prominently on social media platforms such as LinkedIn, you should weigh how much it can help you when applying for a job—ideally on a case-by-case basis. It you include a section like this, keep the following in mind.
Advantages: Personal interests can indicate a skill or area of biotechnology knowledge that is the essay, related to the goal, such as photography for someone in public relations, or carpentry and wood-working for someone in dissertation biotechnology construction management. This section can show well-roundedness, good physical health, or knowledge of a subject related to the goal. Essay On Why I Want. It can also create common ground or spark conversation, and/or help a hiring manager see you as someone who would fit in their tribe. Dissertation. Disadvantages: Personal interests can be irrelevant to the job goal and purpose of the essay, resume. Listing such interests can also have unintended negative consequences. For example, if you’re highly athletic and the people interviewing you aren’t physically fit – or perhaps eve self-conscious about biotechnology, that – the fact that you’re super-fit might not play in your favor.If in doubt, do not include a Personal Interests section. Your reason for including it is most likely that you want to tell them about you. But, as you know, this is an the essay, ad. If this section would move the employer to dissertation for msc biotechnology, understand why you would be the best candidate, include it; otherwise, forget about it. This section may also be called “Interests Outside of Work,” or just “Interests.” References. You may put “References available upon request” at the end of your resume, if you wish.
This is on why, a standard close (centered at bottom in italics), but is not necessary: It is usually assumed. Do not include actual names of dissertation for msc biotechnology references. You can bring a separate sheet of references to the interview, to be given to the employer upon request. 7. Essay Hooks. WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES. Social media venues offer valuable possibilities for powering your job search, as well as a few potential downsides. Be sure your digital footprint is an asset as you prepare your resume. OWN YOUR DIGITAL FOOTPRINT.
Social media is a primary vehicle for for msc communication. You will want to include at least one of your social media accounts on your resume. Be sure that any e-mail addresses and social media handles look and sound professional. If not, get new ones. You want to be [emailprotected]; not [emailprotected] Understand that most employers – 65% or more – use social networks to essay hooks, research candidates. Roughly half of them do so to see if the for msc, candidate is likely to referendum, be a “good fit” for their culture – in for msc biotechnology other words, right for their tribe. It is documented that employers regularly review social media to see if there are reasons not to hire an the essay, applicant. So, it is imperative that you review all of your social media postings and clean up any content that you wouldn’t want a prospective employer to see.
And keep an eye on your accounts so that you can monitor and remove comments from friends that don’t serve your professional image. Social media posts that employers cite as detrimental include evidence of dissertation for msc biotechnology drug use or excessive drinking, bad-mouthing of previous employers, and discriminatory language. TIP: Be sure that information on your various social media accounts is consistent. You can’t assume that an employer will only check out your LinkedIn page. They may also look for you on hero essay hooks Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or Google+.
It is for msc, a good rule of thumb with social media posts to ask yourself whether what you are posting is something that you would be delighted for everyone in the world to the essay, see. USE SOCIAL MEDIA TO YOUR ADVANTAGE. Remember that you’re marketing yourself. Owning your digital footprint is dissertation for msc, also about taking advantage of an additional opportunity to make a good impression. Make an effort beyond any clean-up activity to create a strong social media profile. Referendum. This is an opportunity for dissertation you to appear thoughtful, well-rounded, positive, a strong communicator – the kinds of things employers are generally seeking. In addition, be active on the essay social media in dissertation biotechnology a way that advances your professional interests and possibilities. Engage on networking sites to increase your visibility and searchabilty with prospective employers. Essay Hooks. And while you’re active on social media, to accommodate search engines, be sure that you are using a consistent version of your professional name.
If you’re “Robert L. Smith” on dissertation for msc biotechnology LinkedIn, you should be Robert L. Empathetic Listening Essay. Smith in your resume and on your other social media accounts – not Rob Smith here and there. Your professional “screen name” is probably your most important keyword. As mentioned earlier, follow your prospective employer on dissertation Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and the like. Think of what you see as an empathetic listening essay, aggregated news feed about the employer. It doesn’t take long to begin to dissertation for msc, get a real sense of the organization’s culture, values, and work environment intel can help you prepare the most thoughtful resume possible – and can also help you immensely as you later prepare for an interview. And bear in mind: The beauty of Social Media is that you can gain access to people you otherwise might not. If you see someone within your connections who is the essay, connected to a person of interest to you. Perhaps they are in the field in which you are seeking work; perhaps they work for a company you wish to get in to dissertation for msc, – then ask your contact to introduce you. TIP: LinkedIn offers the opportunity for people to post recommendations. The Essay. Be sure to ask people to dissertation, provide recommendations for you, in particular those people who can speak to the essay, the strengths that you most want to be emphasized.
In addition to dissertation for msc biotechnology, your professional name, there are many other keywords to consider. Many employers routinely digitally scan resumes for keywords relevant to their companies and cultures, as well as field of work. You should assume that this is being done. Use keywords that are customized for the kind of position you’re seeking as well as your job field. For example: Consider that your current title is “Program Assistant.” But when you search online, you don’t see that title much.
What you do see with high frequency on Indeed, LinkedIn, etc. is “Administrative Assistant.” It’s not a misstep in integrity to list your current title as “Administrative Assistant” if that’s accurate, and it will increase your find-ability for recruiters and hiring managers searching online. Similar guidance holds true for skills and accomplishments. When customizing your resume for quebec a specific position, take careful note of the skills required and dissertation biotechnology, use any number of those words in your resume. If you think of yourself as someone who “leads stakeholder communications,” but the employer uses the phrase “stakeholder engagement” – that’s right, you’re now an expert in stakeholder engagement. Essay To Teach. If you have “increased website and social media traffic” in your current job, but your prospective employer’s website discusses “online presence” – your resume should note that you “elevated online presence.” Then use this same approach to find more keywords that will appeal to that hiring manager.
After conducting your research on the employer’s website and social media pages – as well as media articles about the organization – comprise a list of for msc biotechnology words and persuasive essay rubric grade 10, phrases that appear regularly. Be sure that these words and phrases appear in your resume, but in a way that doesn’t seem forced or like overkill. You have a bit of a fine line to dissertation biotechnology, walk – these have to be words and phrases you can own in the context of selling yourself through your introductory story. Think of your resume as a visually appealing piece of art. This your masterpiece! No matter how closely you follow the guidance we’ve delivered here so far, if you fall short on the presentation of what you’ve written you do yourself a tremendous disservice. A note here about using images or video. Of course, there have been instances where applicants have been hired after using creative visuals or creating “video resumes.” This kind of quebec 1980 approach is highly situational, and should be carefully considered based on for msc biotechnology what you know about the job and the tribe. For instance, if you’re a graphic designer, why not show off your stuff to referendum 1980, a certain extent?
Or if you’re applying to a video production firm or a start-up with a culture that would accommodate a video submission – go for dissertation for msc biotechnology it. That said, we also recommend that a more traditional PDF with written information accompany your video. VISUAL APPEAL, FORMAT, AND LENGTH. Everyone freely gives advice on resume length. There is define assigned, no universal right or wrong. Our rule of thumb is for msc, that shorter is better, as long as the hero, resume contains all of your most relevant information. If you’ve been in the workforce for a while or have many accomplishments or publications to list, you might need to biotechnology, exceed a page – but only if the content warrants it. And whether it’s one page or more, the same rules apply in define assigned terms of the dissertation for msc biotechnology, front end of the listening, resume being your big, brief chance to make an impression. Use a simple, clean, symmetrical structure. Don’t make it to crowded with text; conversely, don’t have so much white space that it looks oddly sparse.
A good rule of thumb is sections of writing that are no more than six lines, and shorter if possible. Be sure to design elements to your advantage. For example, if there is dissertation for msc, information you want to highlight, consider using boldface. You can also draw the eye to something by ensuring there is ample white space around it. Order information in a way that draw attention to your strengths; readers tend to focus on the first and last items listed. NOTE: If you’re considering an infographic resume, be sure you give it very careful consideration. While one might make you stick out in a digital stack of resumes, I have never read one that didn’t make me work harder to define assigned, get the information I wanted. Unless you are an infographic designer looking for that kind of work (or something close), I would veer away from this route.
Your resume must be error-free. There are no spelling errors, no typos. No grammar, syntax, or punctuation errors. There are no errors of fact. Any recruiter or hiring manager will tell you that such errors make it easy to weed out a resume immediately. List information in a consistent way. For instance, every job should list this information in this order: Title, Name of Employer, City and State, and the years. Biotechnology. Use boldface, underlining, and italics consistently. If you decide to bold one job title, all titles are in boldface. Essay Hooks. If you underline one section heading, underline them all.
In addition, there is uniformity in the use of capital letters, bullets, dashes, hyphens, etc. So, if there is a period after one set of job dates, there is a period after all job dates. If one degree is in dissertation biotechnology bold, all degrees are in bold. If one job is lasted as 1999-2001 (versus 1999 – 2001 or 1999 to 2000). Whatever you decide about such things stylistically, be absolutely consistent. There are any number of details that really matter. Consider all of the following.
Font. Hero Essay. Use a font that’s universally readable such as Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Times New Roman, Helvetica, or Didot (a good choice for creative industry). Whatever font you select, use it consistently. And use a font size that’s readable, but not distractingly large: 12-point is the way to go with some fonts, but sometimes 11-point can get the job done just as well. For Msc Biotechnology. PDF.
Save your resume file as a PDF. You don’t want to risk what can happen if someone opens your Word document using a different version than you have, which can disrupt your careful layout, formatting, and more. Essay. File name. Dissertation For Msc Biotechnology. When saving your PDF file, be sure you give a distinctive and relevant name. Definitively don’t give it a number (e.g., NickSmith_V3.pdf) and don’t call it NicksResume.pdf. If Nick is applying for a Marketing Director position, a great file name would be NickSmith_MarketingDirectr.pdf). Keep track. As you customize your resume for to teach each application, keep track of which resume you send to which employer. Dissertation For Msc. If you’re called for an interview you will want to show up with nicely printed hard copies of that precise document. Don’t mix first-person and persuasive essay rubric grade 10, third-person.
Use either the first person (“I) or third person (“he,” “she”) point of biotechnology view, but do so consistently. Watch your verb tense. If the accomplishment is completed, it should be past tense. Define Assigned. If the task is dissertation for msc, still underway, it should be present tense. If the skill has been used in the past and essay i want to teach, will be used again in the future, use present tense – e.g., “conduct presentations on dissertation biotechnology recruitment to the essay, professional and trade association.” Experience first. Experience sections should come before Education. This is because your qualifications are more related to your experience than your education. Exceptions would be (1) if you have just received or are completing a degree in a new field, (2) if you are a lawyer, (3) if you are an undergraduate student, or (4) if there’s something particularly impressive about your education – for dissertation example, a Rhodes Scholarship or an MBA from Harvard. Sell yourself – first and i want, foremost. Always bear in for msc mind the needs of your customer – the employer. What do they need to know to assess that you’re right for the job and will deliver for them?
Customize your resume for the essay each job application. Use keywords selected with your prospective employer in mind. Be sure you can back up what you say (pumping up is fine but within the bounds of integrity). Use dynamic, high-energy language. Tighten up sentences where you can. For Msc Biotechnology. Space is at a premium.
Use quantitative information when possible as you describe accomplishments (e.g., ($1 million portfolio, increased sales 30%, double revenues). Essay. Look at everything you’ve written in your resume and for msc, add action verbs wherever possible. Essay On Why To Teach. Make your resume long enough to include all relevant information. Be sure any e-mail addresses and social media handles shared are appropriate (not unprofessional). Use the biotechnology, same version of persuasive rubric grade your professional “screen name” consistently. Be unduly modest. You are selling yourself, period.
Wing it. Dissertation For Msc Biotechnology. Real preparation and homework is required – no matter how lucky you’ve been in the past. Include information – even if you’re proud of it – that could be construed as controversial or possible be off-putting to the employer (e.g., fringe personal interests, religious activity, political affiliation). Define Assigned. List everything you’ve ever done. It’s better to dissertation for msc biotechnology, leave an employer a little curious and more apt to interview you. Include salary information.
It is appropriate for you to provide this information only when asked. Mention reasons for leaving jobs. You can have tactful, professional reasons ready for interviews. The Essay. Include references. Provide them when requested, and be sure your references know that an inquiry is on the way.
Try to be funny or cute – no matter how great your personality, these things don’t translate on paper. Include every single piece of information about yourself – this is not your resume’s job. For Msc. If the employer wants to know more about you, they’ll ask you for an interview. Get wordy. Don’t use three examples when one will suffice. Be hyperbolic. Don’t use more than one power word or adjective in one sentence. Underestimate the power of reading the empathetic, job posting carefully and dissertation for msc biotechnology, doing all of your homework.
An astute hiring manager will recognize that you’ve done your advance work and will respect that about you. 10. USE YOUR WORDS (POWER WORDS) This isn’t about listening, using fancy or unique words. It’s about biotechnology, using words that connect with your customer. Remember: This is customized ad copy. accelerated accomplished achieved acquired addressed administered advanced advised advocated aligned allocated amplified analyzed answered appeared applied appointed appraised approved arbitrated arranged assembled assessed assigned assisted assumed assured attained audited authored authorized awarded. blocked boosted bought briefed broadened brought budgeted built. campaigned capitalized cascaded cataloged caused changed chaired charted clarified classified closed coached collected combined commented communicated compared compiled completed computed conceived conserved concluded conducted conceptualized considered consolidated constructed consulted continued contracted controlled converted conveyed convinced coordinated corrected counseled counted created critiqued cultivated cut. dealt decided decreased defined delegated delivered demonstrated described designed determined developed devised diagnosed digitized directed discovered discussed distributed documented doubled drafted.
earned edited educated effected elevated eliminated endorsed enforced engineered enhanced enlarged enlisted ensured entered established estimated evaluated examined exceeded executed expanded expedited experienced experimented explained explored expressed extended. facilitated filed filled financed focused forecast forged formulated fostered found founded. gained gathered generated graded granted guided. halved handled headed up helped hired. identified illustrated implemented improved incorporated increased indexed initiated influenced informed innovated inspected inspired installed instituted instructed insured integrated interpreted interviewed introduced invented invested investigated involved issued itemized. launched learned leased lectured led leveraged licensed lifted listed lobbied logged.
made maintained managed mapped matched maximized measured mediated merged met mobilized modified monitored motivated moved. named navigated negotiated. observed opened operated optimized orchestrated ordered organized outperformed overhauled oversaw. participated partnered perceived performed persuaded pioneered planned prepared presented processed procured produced programmed prohibited projected promoted proposed provided published purchased persuaded promoted pursued qualified. qualified quantified questioned. raised ranked rated reached realized received recommended reconciled recorded recruited redesigned reduced refined refocused regulated rehabilitated related reorganized repaired replaced replied reported represented researched resolved responded restored restructured revamped reviewed revised revitalized. saved scheduled secured selected served serviced set set up shaped shared showcased showed simplified sold solved sorted sought sparked spearheaded specified spoke staffed standardized started streamlined strengthened stressed stretched structured studied submitted substituted succeeded suggested summarized superseded supervised surpassed surveyed sustained systematized.
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31 Attention-Grabbing Cover Letter Examples. The Muse Editor. Traditional cover letter wisdom tells you to dissertation for msc, start a cover letter with something to the effect of: Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing to apply for essay rubric 10, the position of Marketing Manager with the dissertation Thomas Company. We say: The days of cookie cutter cover letter intros are long gone. Hero. Here’s the thing: Your cover letter is the best way to introduce to the hiring manager who you are, what you have to offer, and dissertation for msc why you want the job—but you have an extremely limited amount of essay rubric time to do all of those things. So, if you really want to get noticed, you’ve got to start right off the bat with something that grabs your reader’s attention.
What do we mean? Well, we won’t just tell you, we’ll show you—with 31 examples of dissertation biotechnology original cover letter introductions. We don’t recommend copying and pasting them because, well, your cover letter should be unique to your stories, background, and interests, but you can most definitely use them to get inspired for your next application. Don't worry—we've got you covered. Many companies say that they’re looking for people who not only have the skills to do the empathetic listening job, but who are truly passionate about what they’re spending their time on every day. If that’s what your dream company is dissertation for msc really looking for (hint: read the define assigned job description), try an for msc, intro that shows off why you’re so excited to be part of the team. If truly loving data is wrong, I don’t want to be right.
It seems like the essay rest of the team at Chartbeat feels the same way—and that’s just one of the reasons why I think I’d be the perfect next hire for for msc, your sales team. I’ve been giving my friends and family free style advice since I was 10, and recently decided it’s time I get paid for it. That’s why I couldn’t believe it when I found a personal stylist position at J. Essay On Why I Want. Hilburn. Dissertation Biotechnology. After about three years of trying out essay on why i want, different roles at early-stage startups around San Francisco, watching more “find your passion” keynotes than I’d like to admit, and assuring my parents that, yes, I really do have a real job, I’m starting to for msc, come to terms with the fact that I’m only define assigned really good at two things: writing great content and getting it out into the world. When I was growing up, all I wanted to be was one of those people who pretend to be statues on dissertation biotechnology the street.
Thankfully, my career goals have become a little more aspirational over the years, but I love to draw a crowd and entertain the masses—passions that make me the hero essay hooks perfect community manager. When I graduated from Ohio State last May, my career counselor gave me what I consider to be some pretty bad advice: “Just get any job, and figure the rest out later.” While I think I could have gained good transferrable skills and on-the-job experience anywhere, I wanted to dissertation biotechnology, make sure my first step gave me opportunities for listening, professional development, mentorship, and rotations through different departments. Enter: Verizon. The other day, I took a career assessment, which told me I should be a maritime merchant. I’m not quite sure what that is, but it did get me thinking: A role that combines my skills in business development with my lifelong passion for the ocean would be my absolute dream. Which is how I found this role at Royal Caribbean. Start With Your Love for for msc, the Company. Similarly, many companies want to hire people who already know, love, eat, and sleep their brand. And in these cases, what better to kick off your cover letter than a little flattery?
Bonus points if you can tell a story—studies show that stories are up to 22 times more memorable than facts alone. Of course, remember when you’re telling a company why you love it to be specific and genuine. Because, um, no one likes an overly crazed fangirl. I pretty much spent my childhood in define assigned the cheap seats at Cubs games, snacking on popcorn and cheering on the team with my grandfather. It’s that passion that’s shaped my career—from helping to establish the sports marketing major at my university to leading a college baseball team to an undefeated season as assistant coach—and what led me to dissertation for msc, apply for referendum 1980 essay, this position at the Chicago Cubs. Dissertation For Msc. Most candidates are drawn to startups for the free food, bean bag chairs, and empathetic listening loose dress code. And while all of those things sound awesome coming from my all-too-corporate cubicle, what really attracted me to Factual is the dissertation for msc collaborative, international team. It was Rudy, my Golden Retriever, who first found the operations assistant opening (he’s really excited about the prospect of coming to essay on why i want to teach, work with me every day). But as I learned more about Zoosk and biotechnology what it is doing to transform the i want mobile dating space, I couldn’t help but get excited to be part of the for msc biotechnology team, too.
When I was seven, I wanted to be the the essay GEICO gecko when I grew up. For Msc Biotechnology. I eventually realized that wasn’t an quebec referendum essay, option, but you can imagine my excitement when I came across the dissertation for msc events manager position, which would have me working side by side with my favorite company mascot. When I attended Austin Film Festival for the first time last month, I didn’t want to the essay, leave. So I decided I shouldn’t—and immediately went to check out job openings at the company. If I could make the NYC apartment rental process better for just one person, I would feel like the horrors of my recent search would all be worth it. So, a customer service role at RentHop, where I could do it every day? I can’t think of anything more fulfilling. Having grown up with the Cincinnati Zoo (literally) in my backyard, I understand firsthand how you’ve earned your reputation as one of the most family-friendly venues in the State of Ohio. For 20 years, I’ve been impressed as your customer; now I want to impress visitors in the same way your team has so graciously done for me. ( Via @JobJenny ) I was an hour out from my first big dinner party when I realized I had forgotten to pick up the white wine. In a panic, I started Googling grocery delivery services, and dissertation that’s when I first stumbled across Instacart. I’ve been hooked ever since, so I couldn’t help but get excited by the idea of bringing the amazingness of Instacart to the essay, shoddy planners like me as your next social media and community manager.
Though I’m happily employed as a marketing manager for OHC, seeing the job description for Warby Parker’s PR director stopped me in my tracks. I’ve been a Warby glasses wearer for dissertation for msc biotechnology, many years, and have always been impressed by the way the the essay company treats its customers, employees, and the community at large. Start With an Attribute or Accomplishment. The unfortunate reality of the job hunting process is that, for any given job, you’re going to be competing with a lot of other people—presumably, a lot of biotechnology other similarly qualified people. Quebec 1980 Essay. So, a great way to biotechnology, stand out in persuasive 10 your cover letter is to highlight something about dissertation for msc biotechnology yourself—a character trait, an accomplishment, a really impressive skill—that’ll quickly show how you stand out among other applications. My last boss once told me that my phone manner could probably diffuse an international hostage situation. I’ve always had a knack for essay, communicating with people—the easygoing and the difficult alike—and I’d love to bring that skill to the office manager position at Shutterstock. Among my colleagues, I’m known as the biotechnology one who can pick up the pieces, no matter what amount of you-know-what hits the fan. Which is quebec referendum 1980 why I think there’s no one better to fill Birchbox’s customer service leader position. Last December, I ousted our company’s top salesperson from his spot—and he hasn’t seen it since.
Which means, I’m ready for my next big challenge, and the sales manager role at LivingSocial just might be it. After spending three years managing the internal communications for a 2,000-person company, I could plan a quarterly town hall or draft an inter-office memo in my sleep. What I want to do next? Put that experience to work consulting executives on their communications strategy. While you won’t find the title “community manager” listed on dissertation for msc biotechnology my resume, I’ve actually been bringing people together online and off for quebec 1980 essay, three years while running my own blog and for msc series of quebec 1980 essay Meetups. If you’re looking for someone who can follow orders to the T and doesn’t like to for msc, rock the boat, I’m probably not the right candidate.
But if you need someone who can dig in to the essay, data, see what’s working (and what’s not), and challenge the status quo, let’s talk. Ever since my first job at dissertation for msc biotechnology Dairy Queen (yes, they DO let you eat the ice cream!) I’ve been career-focused. Empathetic. I completed my first internship with a professional football team while I was still in college. I was hired full-time as soon as I graduated, and within six months I was promoted into a brand new department. I thought I knew it all. But as I’ve progressed in my career, I finally realized…I absolutely do not.
Shocker, right? Enter The Muse. ( Via @Kararuns729 ). You might be wondering what a 15-year veteran of the accounting world is doing applying to for msc biotechnology, an operations role at essay a food startup like ZeroCater. While I agree the shift is dissertation biotechnology a little strange, I know you’re looking for hero hooks, someone who’s equal parts foodie and financial guru, and I think that means I’m your guy. Over the last 10 years, I’ve built my career on one simple principle: Work smarter. Biotechnology. I’m the essay on why i want to teach person who looks for inefficient procedures, finds ways to streamline them, and for msc biotechnology consistently strives to boost the productivity of hero essay everyone around me. For Msc. It’s what’s earned me three promotions in the supply chain department at my current company, and it’s what I know I can do as the new operations analyst for SevOne. OK, before you read any of the essay these, we feel we have to stamp them with a big disclaimer: Do your homework before trying anything like this—learning everything you can about the company, the hiring manager, and whether or not they’ll appreciate some sass or snark. If they do, it’s a great way to for msc biotechnology, make them smile (then call you).
If they don’t? Well, better luck next time. Persuasive Essay Grade 10. I’m interested in the freelance writer position. But before I blow you away with all the reasons I’m going to be your next writer, I would like to tell you a little about myself: I didn’t grow hair until I was about biotechnology five years old, which made everyone who crossed my stroller’s path believe me to be a boy (my name is Casey, which definitely didn’t help). Hope I got your attention. ( Via @CaseCav ) Have you ever had your mom call five times a day asking for a status update on how your job search is going, and then sounding incredulous that not more progress has been made since the last phone call? That’s my life right now. Define Assigned. But I’m hoping that soon my life will revolve around being your full-time social media manager. The good news is, I bring more to the table than just an overbearing mom.
Let me tell you more. Dissertation For Msc Biotechnology. Thank you so much for offering me the marketing manager position at the essay Airbnb! I wholeheartedly accept. Biotechnology. OK, I know we’re not quite there yet. But if we were, here are just a few ideas of the essay what I would do once in the role. You’ve slept on it. You’ve made lists of for msc pros and cons. Hero Essay. You’ve talked to dissertation biotechnology, your life coach, your hairdresser, and every barista on your block. So why haven’t you made your decision yet? When you’re looking for advice, what you need is on why not more, but better. If you’re constantly plagued with tough career decisions and presentation-day butterflies, you need an advocate, a listener, and sometimes, a kick in the pants.
You need Rachel Elizabeth Maley. ( Via @RE_Maley ) I considered submitting my latest credit card statement as proof of dissertation just how much I love online shopping, but I thought a safer approach might be writing this cover letter, describing all the reasons why I’m the girl who can take STYLIGHT’s business to the next level. I never thought that accidentally dropping my iPhone out of a second story window would change my life (it’s a funny story—ask me about it). But thanks to my misfortune, I discovered iCracked—and found my dream job as an expansion associate. Grade 10. If we were playing “Two Truths and dissertation biotechnology a Lie,” I’d say the following: I’ve exceeded my sales quotas by at referendum essay least 20% every quarter this year, I once won an international pie-eating contest, and I have an amazing job at Yext. Dissertation Biotechnology. The last, of course, is the lie.
For now. Essay. Photo of for msc person writing courtesy of hero hooks Sam Diephuis/Getty Images#46; Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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essay on for msc papacy by Melissa Morris. (1) The topic of define assigned, papal influence in the conversion of biotechnology, infidels is a necessary and important issue to consider when evaluating the role of essay, Europeans in the colonization of the dissertation biotechnology Americas. The idea to referendum essay research and dissertation for msc, examine the Catholic popes of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries originated in a class at Lehigh University. This class, The Literature of Justification , aimed to look at how Europeans justified the use of violent means in the conversion of infidels in the New World. In order to better understand how these nations, such as Spain, Portugal, England, and hero hooks, others rationalized violent tactics and the denial of infidel rights, it is mandatory that the role of the Roman Catholic Church is introduced. (2) The discovery of the New World did not arise simply with the landing of Christopher Columbus; it began when European nations realized that a great deal of wealth and prospective Catholic believers could be discovered. The Catholic Church possessed a great deal of influence in the centuries leading to the exploration of the New World, and in dissertation for msc the fifteenth century European nations looked to the pope to determine the right of colonization and conversion of foreign lands. Essay. Thus, before looking at dissertation for msc biotechnology, nations such as Spain, England, or France, one must look at the role the Church played in granting or refusing acknowledgement of colonization to European nations. (3) Alexander VI, author of the papal bulls Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and Inter caetera (II) , represents an hero hooks, example of the power and influence the pope possessed in the fifteenth century as exploration of the New Word was truly exploding. The following research reflects the history of and building of the papal influence that Alexander VI possessed; the actual wording and effect of Alexander's third bull on Spanish colonization, Inter caetera (II) ; how his bulls become the justification Spain wanted and needed to dissertation for msc biotechnology make a presence in the New World; and the precedence Alexander VI created in the partitioning of foreign lands by popes. Importance of Papal Influence in on why to teach the Conversion of Infidels.
(4) In order to understand how and why European nations felt that violent conversion tactics against for msc infidels was acceptable, one must look toward the Catholic Church. It is imperative to hero essay hooks understand the expectations placed upon religious and secular leaders and the conflicts that arose between nations. The Church did not gain instantaneous say in the colonization tactics of European nations but, rather, had to conduct propaganda campaigns and influence kings one at a time to build trust and a say in political matters. Dissertation For Msc Biotechnology. The Church desired a voice in foreign expeditions because it recognized that the resources of the new worlds could ultimately be profitable for Catholics worldwide. (6) When studying the discovery of the essay rubric 10 New Worlds by dissertation, Europeans in define assigned the twelfth through fifteenth centuries, few might consider the impact of the Roman Catholic Church. After the for msc blessing of the essay, St.
Peter as the first pope in 33 A.D., the Roman Catholic Church propagated and for msc biotechnology, invested in a conquest of conversion to help educate all individuals in the ways of the Lord. The means of converting, colonizing, and conquering nonbelievers were manipulated depending upon the time period and influence of the 10 pope over Christian kings. Papal influence is important because in their attempt to reign in all matters, religious and secular, popes and the Catholic Church created the standards and expectations by which European explorers were to dissertation treat New World infidels. While trying to expand, unify, and solidify the boundaries of the Catholic Church, papal leaders, kings, and explorers lost sight of the need to gently convert nonbelievers. With the promises of treasures, spices, and trade before their eyes, these Christians came to regard New World Indians as deserving of 1980, violence, as an invisible entity, and as expendable in regard to the larger cause.
Increasing the population, magnifying spirituality, and securing monetary wealth were necessary measures for the survival of the Church as the savior of mortals. Alexander VI's bull Inter caetera is an example not only of the role the Catholic Church took in the fight for riches and land but also of the pope's power to disregard human beings as deserving of kindness, respect, and the right to freedom in a quest for necessary Church gain. Inter caetera : Opening up a Whole New World for Europeans. (7) One of the dissertation most influential popes, Alexander VI, created a set of three papal bulls in quebec referendum May of 1493, Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and Inter caetera (II) . Inter caetera II , the main text discussed here, fully demonstrates the for msc power of the the essay papal throne and the influence it had amassed over for msc, European nations in the late fifteenth century. Written as the final say on Spanish colonization of the Americas, Alexander created Inter caetera II with favoritism directed toward the listening essay Spanish crown, to help the Church expand its boundaries. To better understand the positioning of the Church within secular and dissertation for msc, religious discourses and the role of Inter caetera II (hereafter referred to as Inter caetera throughout this text), the background of the papal throne must first be discussed. (8) The Holy See was not initially respected as a representative voice for both secular and religious matters. Originally, the pope was viewed as a human representative of Christ's divinity and presence on earth, with influence only over the essay, Christian Church issues. The amount of religious importance in early politics cannot be questioned, but until Christianity officially became the religion of Rome in 315 A.D., the influence the pope publicly possessed over Christian individuals was not substantial enough to influence the conquest of land. It was not until religious leaders and popes became situated in the Vatican in dissertation for msc biotechnology 315 that Christians were motivated to look to the Church for guidance before looking to their king in the essay nonreligious matters.
By convincing believers that Christianity was more important, that secular matters necessitated holy action in all doing, the Church managed to swing the pendulum of influence from armed kings to pious leaders. Pope Leo IX, in 1054, contributed the most to centralizing the dissertation for msc biotechnology power and essay, influence of the for msc pope in the Christian's eye. Leo IX set the tone and standards for future popes to the essay seek the recognition and support of Christians by reinforcing the Catholic belief that without the approval of Christ's chosen son, kingdoms were unholy. In acting upon or under unholy laws and rules, a Christian defied God's teachings of goodness. (10) With this faith that popes held the same ultimate profit goals as did kings and kingdoms, Catholics unwittingly allowed the Church to create a cloak or shield for the brutal conversion of dissertation, nonbelievers. It was necessary to present nonbelievers as less than human and define assigned, not worthy of the fair treatment most Europeans expected. The Church and politicians preached that without faith a person was undeserving of equity. New World individuals were viewed as heathens and biotechnology, as sub-human, and the West's religion, civilization, and knowledge [were viewed as] superior to the religions, civilizations, and knowledge of non-Western peoples. This superiority as the redemptive source of the West's presumed mandate to impose its vision of truth on non-Western peoples was neither hidden nor denied (Williams 6).
Such a disavowal of the Native's right to freedom and personal belief helped to convince kings and hooks, commoners that heathen lands and the New World had to for msc be tamed in order to hero essay hooks obtain the riches and followers of God. (11) It is this standard that helped Urban II, in 1088, to recruit Catholics to push the for msc biotechnology boundaries of the on why i want Christian world further than had ever been attempted in dissertation for msc biotechnology history: Europeans, as Christians, had a duty to spread the word of the gospel and a right to engage in trade and to cultivate unoccupied land without interference. Conversely, the peoples of the New World had an obligation to receive the ambassadors of the pope, the trade expeditions and the colonists, and any resistance or hostility to the European presence could be met with force of arms. (Dickason ix) The need for more prestige, power, and land became an addictive and recurring process for the essay, the Catholic Church, and as more land was acquired and foreign conquests met with success, more eyes turned favorably toward the Holy See. Initiated with Urban's reign in 1095 and continuing throughout history, treasures and land were motivators for the conversion of nonbelievers. The spreading of Catholicism was used as propaganda for recruiting crusaders and colonizers; religious motivation had never been the sole hallmark of medieval expansion […] The crusades, like the American frontier in the nineteenth century, were to for msc be a safety valve, drawing off those who were too aggressive for peaceful life at home (Muldoon 5). Ultimately, the Crusades and the expansion of the Catholic empire were not truly movements to save heathen nonbelievers from eternal damnation but, rather, campaigns for profitable gains. (12) After the successes of the define assigned first Holy Crusade in dissertation for msc 1095 were tallied and assessed, Christian kings and Catholics themselves had come to believe that a man who could bring such success and profit to Christianity could do no wrong. On Why I Want To Teach. With the faith of kings and for msc biotechnology, commoners thus sealed, The pope held unquestioned universal jurisdictional authority on earth over referendum 1980 essay, all the Church's subjects, real and potential. Resistance to for msc biotechnology that authority constituted resistance to God's law.
The papacy possessed the power not only to punish the deluded pagans but also to assume the rule over their territories, which rightly belonged to Rome in define assigned the first place (Williams 41). Urban's ability, and that of the popes following him, to convince knights and for msc biotechnology, kings to go to the essay war, commoners to contribute funds to the Crusades, and dissertation for msc biotechnology, expand the population and land wealth of the Catholic states granted the pope more power than ever historically allotted to the Holy See. That power fluctuated a bit throughout history, but the pope did not again experience significant loss of influence until the English Reformation in the early 16th century. (13) It is this desire to continue possessing absolute power that allows the Church to condone the define assigned violence and brutal tactics used by colonists and conquerors on New World infidels. With the argument that the only way to achieve the ultimate end of world-wide Catholicism is to use any means necessary, Pope Gregory IX, in 1227, is able to use tradition to his advantage. Europeans had come to believe that any individual with faith in God was stronger, more deserving of success, and possessed the right to show nonbelievers the right manner in which to live. In order to convince nonbelievers of this right, Catholic Europeans began to express the belief that any means necessary must be implemented when converting nonbelievers. In an for msc biotechnology, explanation that mimics that of survival of the fittest, he explains the application of aggression and hostility toward others in essay to teach the conquest of land as acceptable: Who does not know that kings and princes derive their origin from men ignorant of God who raised themselves above their fellow men by pride, plunder, treachery, murder—in short, by every kind of crime—at the instigation of the Devil, the prince of this world, men blind with greed and dissertation for msc, intolerable in their audacity (Williams 25). Pope Gregory effectively places the role of the Church and colonizer as that of a warrior against evil, or, more importantly, nonbelievers. It is this mindset that resonates throughout history. With the refusal to change the traditions of to teach, conversion, the Catholic Church continued to abuse infidels and disregard the dissertation for msc actual beginning words of Christ.
Treating others as one would have done unto themselves was thrown to referendum the wind in an effort to obtain riches and treasures in the New World. Religious Texts and Inter caetera. (14) With an understanding of how popes such as Alexander VI came to possess influence over dissertation, kings, it is necessary to examine how that influence was conveyed through words. The bull Inter caetera is important because the nations of Spain and Portugal honored it. Essay Hooks. The new lines of property drawn were observed because they were lines created by the Church. Just as the power and influence of the pope himself fluctuated throughout history, so did the power of written papal law. As popes fought to gain a foothold in the realm of politics, the written word became an effective means of communicating and persuading Christian kings worldwide to defer decisions to dissertation for msc biotechnology religion.
Innocent I even went so far as to claim that any actions occurring in Christian states must be communicated to him: […] all 'greater causes' [ causae maiores ] – a vague and almost infinitely expansible expression – should be reserved to the apostolic see. 'Whatever is done in essay i want to teach the provinces', he laid down, 'should not be taken as concluded until it has come to the knowledge of dissertation for msc, this see' (Barraclough 24). Letters with directions such as these were not taken lightly; religion and religious beliefs, at rubric grade, that time, influenced a believer's every move. If a man of God claimed that no action would be deemed holy without consent of the Church, fear of dissertation biotechnology, damnation and the eternal unknown forced believers to seek religious authority. (15) Pope Gregory VII, in 1076, used such power to his advantage and quebec 1980, was influential in the realm of public speech and propaganda. It was under Gregory's term that papal decree truly motivated or influenced Christian kings to take action in favor of or against the Church. As the first pope who deliberately set out to cultivate new fields, outside and beyond the control of the biotechnology Roman Empire, and thus to lessen the hero essay dependence of the papacy on the imperial government, Gregory VII needed to ensure that his plans and wishes were able to reach a large audience (Barraclough 31). He was able to for msc do so by having all religious leaders circulate his written plans and define assigned, suggestions for increasing the size and population of the Catholic Church by converting infidels. Documents that could not be read were shared verbally, increasing Gregory VII's audience ten-fold. (16) In 1088 under Pope Urban II, following Gregory VII's example, written copies of his decrees and plans for Holy Crusades into infidel lands became available for kings and religious leaders. Such widespread publication of and promotion of a holy war helped to for msc biotechnology ensure that religious leaders across Europe were able to spread the word and influence both the nobility and the common man. These written proclamations, also verbally communicated in 1095 in his speech at Clermont, secured persuasion orally, textually, and politically.
Religious texts, in the forms of letters, stories, and papal bulls, not only informed individuals of the positions of the Church but also advertised and stated laws to be obeyed in a holy light. Therefore, by the beginning of the eleventh century […] the on why papacy had laid up a considerable store of dissertation, moral capital. The new nations [both Europeans and converts] looked to Rome for spiritual leadership (Barraclough 51). Referendum. Popes and religious leaders, throughout the tenth and eleventh centuries, had set out and successfully exercised one of the most influential propaganda schemes in history. Not only had they convinced secular leaders that the pope was the source of all knowledge and approval, they had convinced believers to go to war to biotechnology win land, riches, and new believers for the Church: It set the define assigned pope, in place of the dissertation for msc emperor, at the head of Europe, and assured the papacy a moral leadership (Barraclough 91). The popes had completely and effectively made themselves princes of secular and religious status. (17) It is with this role of princely duty that the popes, especially after Urban II's reign, were able to further increase the profits of the Church and continue to publish proclamations of a nation's right to colonize and conquer infidel lands. The Papacy, too, had its special interests in the situation of the Holy Land and its Western communities. […] The popes were eager also to keep the Crusading armies under their own special control because power over future Christians ensured a successful growth in the population of define assigned, Catholics (Brundage 190). Historical religious texts, especially bulls, are an important aspect in the growth of the size of the Christian states. Written documents, such as Pope Eugene IV's Romanus pontifex and Alexander VI's Inter caetera , specifically marked where European Christians could and could not colonize. In essence, the crusades have sometimes been styled the foreign policy of the papacy (Erdman xvi).
Specifications limited the ability of kings to conquer lands as they pleased and, in turn, made winning the approval of the pope's favor a profitable endeavor. (18) Thus, to win the support of the pope in for msc word and deed, a nation had to be religiously and politically appealing to the Holy See. In order to quebec accomplish such a feat, kings used the excuse that colonization of dissertation, new lands was purely for the benefit of nonbelievers. The connection between church and state was accompanied by persuasive rubric 10, […] the idea that the defense of the church against pagans and robbers was a good deed particularly encouraged by God and the saints (Erdman 26). The Church could not condone any colonization efforts made by Christian kings unless they had cloaked their desire for gold under the guise of Christian conversion. As long as the wars against pagans were truly defensive, religious motives were intermingled with the consciousness of fighting for dissertation, hearth and home, but Christian kings merely had to the essay suggest that their intentions abroad were of dissertation for msc biotechnology, a religious nature in order to obtain papal approval (Erdman 96). Though some kings did have intentions of converting infidels into Catholics, and many might have had the natives' best interests first in mind, far too many leaders allowed the persuasive rubric promise of land and gold to come before the needs and rights of nonbelievers. (19) Inter caetera and other papal bulls written by the popes are important in the realm of colonization. Ultimately, the treatment and unfair abuse of the infidels were considered and discussed in terms of dissertation for msc biotechnology, means and ends. Though Innocent III had questioned the propriety of the exercise of power by non-Christians over Christians, but had not denied its legitimacy, the simple fact that he pondered infidel rights in Quod super his , written in 1199, was enough to begin a public discourse concerning what power the papal see should or should not have in regard to infidel rights (Green 149).
Innocent IV, in 1243, extended the points discussed to include the right of Christians to take holy lands from native nonbelievers, a right which he carefully supported by stating that only the pope could authorize an attack on a non-Christian prince. Define Assigned. While such a premise was supported by the Catholic nations, the issue introduced the problem of injuring relations with potential Christians. Ultimately, Innocent IV, reflecting on Innocent III's discourses, publicly decided that Christians not only had the right but also a duty to reconquer holy lands for Christians, and the obligation to dissertation follow religious decrees, even if infidels were hurt in the process. Quebec 1980. Innocent IV's decrees, based on the opinions of Innocent III, paved the way for for msc biotechnology, Christians to reconquer holy lands for the essay, the Church – even if obeying such decrees meant killing the infidel peoples. (20) According to papal bulls created in 1455, 1456, and 1479, Portugal had been granted the right to all the newly discovered lands, but with the installation of Alexander VI in 1492, Spain gained favor in the eyes of the Church, and all previous allocations to dissertation for msc Portugal were overlooked. Such a situation represents the ever-changing politics and power struggles occurring between Catholic kingdoms and popes for rule over all matters – religious or secular. In order to show his dedication to the essay and approval of Spanish exploration of Africa and the New World, Alexander VI, a native of Valencia, created three bulls dated May 3 and 4, 1493, to redraw the lines of Portuguese authority. As the final say on New World colonization, Inter caetera sets the precedence for all following bulls and legal documents condoning and authorizing Christian kings to colonize heathen lands.
Though it did not completely disregard the dissertation biotechnology Portuguese lands, it did not publicly recognize the king or his conquests of African and South American lands, which hinted at referendum 1980, the lack of power the Portuguese king held at for msc, the changing of papal authority. (21) Romanus pontifex , the bull written by Pope Eugenius in 1453, had originally granted Portugal the right to colonize and settle the New Worlds. This bull set the structure by which Alexander VI wrote and published his Inter caetera in regard to the essay the colonization status of Spain. For Msc. The bulls by Alexander VI and Eugenius are examples of persuasive 10, how important and biotechnology, necessary papal approval of colonization had become in the conquest of new lands and riches. The pope had obtained, by the fifteenth century, the ability to come between nations and kings. He had the power and the prestige to rubric grade 10 determine which nations and lands were worthy of dissertation for msc biotechnology, recognition and hero hooks, power, a power only allotted to those who could offer the Church profits. Conflict and aggression between Spain and Portugal reared as Alexander VI weighed the pros and cons of which nation should represent more land in the New Worlds under the Catholic flag: The outcome was rivalry between the two nations, and disputes about the rights and limits of discovery. Both crowns, Portuguese and Spanish, appealed to the Pope, who accepted the task of arbitrator. Dissertation For Msc. His verdict resulted in establishing a line of demarcation, the right of discovery on one side being allotted to Spain, on essay i want the other side to Portugal (Bandlier 1). The bull Inter caetera effectively arbitrated power to Spain and repealed power previously granted by Eugene IV from Portugal. (22) As a document that approves, endorses, and manipulates New World colonization and the conquest of nonbelievers, Alexander VI's Inter caetera demonstrates the amount of influence and power the biotechnology pope exercised over the essay, nations competing for land in dissertation biotechnology North and South America.
The bull Inter caetera is a major document because it represents the development of and the continuation of benchmarks for future legal documents written in the realm of legalizing colonization charters. Alexander VI was approached by Spain and Portugal because both disputed what rights the other had in the essay the New World. Because of the dissertation historical precedence and prestige of the Holy See, both kings viewed the pope as an ultimate umpire and provider of closure. Alexander VI, sensing that having the final say in who should ultimately obtain greater plots of quebec referendum essay, land in the New World would benefit the Church, graciously accepted the role of arbitrator in the dispute. He demonstrates the power and final word of the papal see because in his bulls on the subject, he repeals and overlooks the decisions made by former popes. Biotechnology. Popes Adrian IV, Innocent III, Gregory IX, Innocent IV, and Eugene IV had all written documents and issued papal bulls in regard to the rights and obligations of Christians who attempted to conquer heathen lands.
Alexander VI ignores the words of former popes, merely hints toward the Portuguese presence granted by Eugene IV in Romanus pontifex , and reallocates territory in the New World in favor of Spain. (23) Written as a group of three, the Inter caetera divinai , Inter caetera , and Inter caetera (II) became public on May 3 and 4 of 1493. The first two bulls, Inter caetera divinai and Inter caetera , name the the essay Spanish kingdom of Castile as the proprietors of New World land. The third bull, Inter caetera of May 4, specifically demarcates the lines of longitude and latitude provided to Spain, which embodied all undiscovered land. This bull only mentions lands already conquered by Christian princes and dissertation for msc, does not name Portugal specifically. Alexander VI's bulls embody all of the papal struggles to obtain influence and empathetic listening, power over Christian kings, and their ultimate ability to go back on previous proclamations while maintaining power. For Msc Biotechnology. The third bull, viewed as the final say of the essay grade 10 pope, gave the kingdom of Castile the exclusive rights to territory, trade, and the development of the biotechnology lands in the New World. Conquest could begin west of the meridian one hundred leagues west of the Azores and Cape Verde Islands. The creation of this bull further intensified the unstable relations occurring between the kingdoms of Castile and Portugal and further spurred the race to discover new lands, but it also solidified the need to seek the pope's ultimate say in colonization matters. Inter caetera : Papal Allowance of Colonization.
(24) The May 4, 1493, Inter caetera is essay generally discussed and highlighted because it is the final word of Alexander VI in the dispute between Spain and Portugal over lands west of the Cape Verde Islands. It discusses the lands to be granted to for msc Spain, reassures that the Catholic religion will be spread, gives Spain the referendum right to rule for future generations, denies previous papal decrees in favor of dissertation biotechnology, Portugal, and permits Spain to use any means necessary against nonbelievers. Often referred to as Inter caetera II , it closed the door on the essay further discussion concerning Portugal's right to dissertation biotechnology all the lands of the New World supposedly first discovered by Christopher Columbus. Alexander VI effectively placed the power in Spain's hands as a favor to essay his homeland and as an investment in future land for the Church: all the lands discovered by or to be discovered in the name of the Spanish Crown in the region belonged legally to Ferdinand and Isabella (Williams 80). Alexander VI took into account the manpower, military force, and political prowess of the Spanish crown, especially in relation to the limited powers of the Portuguese kingdoms, and assumed that Spain would have better chances of colonizing and gaining Catholic power in New World lands. (25) Thus, his final Spanish bull, Inter caetera II began with a recounting of Spain's victory at for msc biotechnology, Granada and other Spanish actions that had enlarged and expanded the Catholic Church to the delight of the pope and affirmed the Church's desire to expand its boundaries (Williams 80-81). To ensure that the Church was not approached and define assigned, accused of conquest merely for profits, Alexander VI made certain to include guidelines for the conversion of heathen peoples.
The usurpation of infidel lands was to come only in terms of conversion, with land, gold, and treasures as secondary rewards. The pope himself barely disguises the greed of the Church for riches as the conversion of heathens comes within lines of treasures. He leaves the terms conversion and civilized loosely defined, and violent measures are not forbidden. Alexander VI mandated that the Indians be Christianized and civilized by the Spanish Crown, but he does not concretely specify what means are to biotechnology be used. (26) Alexander VI defines and reassures religious and secular leaders of the power of papal authority. He claims that his bull assuredly ranks highest in regard to all documents issued in the colonization disputes occurring between Spain and Portugal (Davenport 75). He recognizes the need to remind the Christian leaders of Spain, Ferdinand and Isabella, of their duty to always put the define assigned Church first in political actions.
In doing so, he solidifies the position of the Catholic faith in the New World. Alexander VI desires the augmentation of Christian boundaries because such increase in land and believers would increase the dissertation for msc possibilities of gaining treasures. In his warning to the Spanish, Alexander VI makes it clear that the ultimate goal of colonizing new lands is the complete usurpation of essay on why, power in favor of spreading Catholicism: barbarous nations be overthrown and dissertation biotechnology, brought to persuasive essay the faith itself (Davenport 75). He expects that the dissertation for msc Spanish will meet conquering nonbelievers with success, and he also expects that the Spanish kingdom will stop at nothing in the name of the the essay Church. Without expressing or providing any support for the Spanish crown beside the approval of conquest, Alexander VI explains that the for msc biotechnology Spanish will endure hardships on empathetic listening essay their own: with every effort, zeal, and diligence, without regard to for msc biotechnology hardships, expenses, dangers, with the shedding even of your blood. Quebec Referendum Essay. Pain is dissertation for msc biotechnology necessary in the conquest of nonbelievers (Davenport 75). The Church, through Alexander VI's words, is able to maintain pressure on nations while distancing itself from violence and wrongdoing. (27) Inter caetera explains, without naming the original Portuguese colonizers, that the Spanish had full reign of the New World. Alexander's words allow the Spanish to make diligent quest for these remote and unknown mainlands and islands through the sea (Davenport 76).
Such a vague and broad suggestion leaves all the lands open while effectively closing conquest for other Christian kingdoms. He acknowledges that there are people who believe in a Creator and who are not heathens in the new lands; infidels who could embrace the quebec 1980 essay Catholic faith and be trained in good morals (Davenport 76). Despite these qualities, he still condones the dissertation for msc creation of fortresses and strongholds in preparation for violence. Alexander VI does not try to rubric 10 hide or deny the European belief that all nonbelievers ultimately need violent measures to ensure conversion and to obtain the gold, spices, and very many other precious things of divers kinds and dissertation for msc, qualities (Davenport 76). Uttering the words of conversion and riches in the same breath signifies the ultimate goals of the Church. (28) Alexander VI embellishes his power to make law and take action while denying the rights of previous papal authority. By not recognizing the rights of colonization allotted to Portugal by Pope Eugene IV, Alexander IV demonstrates the the essay expectation that Christian kingdoms must remain in present time and not look too far to the future while planning for conquest. Dissertation Biotechnology. Alexander VI uses words such as forever and all rights to describe the power granted to Spain in empathetic discovering more land; he knowingly uses the same words previously allotted to Portugal. When viewed in the present tense, such words are incredible issuances of authority, but when viewed within the dissertation for msc context of popes overruling previous decisions, papal authority becomes precarious and can be repealed at any moment.
Therefore, text such as any of said islands have been found […] kings of Castile and Leon, forever, together […] all rights, jurisdictions, and appurtenances, all islands, and mainlands found and to be found provide kingdoms with the assumption that New World lands will forever be theirs, but there is define assigned always the chance that such allocations can be overturned (Davenport 76). The power of the Church to leave kingdoms in fluctuation cannot be underestimated. (29) Such fluctuations occur because the pope does not recognize Portugal by name, which is a denial of the influence Portugal had been granted in dissertation for msc the conquest of foreign lands. In a short, quick line, he acknowledges that Christian kings before Spain have colonized foreign lands, but he limits them to those lands. Empathetic Listening. Portugal and other Catholic kingdoms have no right to cross past the Azores or Cape Verde Islands: none of the islands and mainlands, found and to be found, discovered and to be discovered, beyond that said line toward the for msc west and south, be in the actual possession of any Christian kings (Davenport 76). The important emphasis of his text is the word actual possession. Alexander VI is able to make such provisions because he is aware that no Christian princes have yet to effectively conquer lands west or south of the given line.
He does not mention the peoples of these lands, only the land itself. (30) Ultimately, Alexander VI creates a loophole to listening essay deny that the Church condoned violence because he emphasizes land and biotechnology, not humanity. By leaving directions vague, the Spanish become responsible for the mistreatment of the heathen peoples: only by forcibly denying the Indians their freedom and appropriating their labor could the civilizing task of assimilation be carried out (Williams 83). The Essay. The Church, by the fifteenth century, had gained enough political power to be able to draw lines and for msc, limitations for colonizing nations. By providing the power to nations for conquests of foreign lands but maintaining a documented distance from the actual actions of the conquerors, the Church was able to persuasive rubric grade effectively maintain an air of dissertation biotechnology, moral righteousness over the very same nations they goaded into violence for survival. Alexander instructs the Spanish king and queen to simply instruct the aforesaid inhabitants and residents in the Catholic faith and train them in good morals without forbidding violence or aggressive behaviors (Davenport 77). He places ultimate responsibility in the Spanish themselves with the threat of excommunication should they or any other nations disobey his instructions. The thought that future power might be lost must surely have been enough to convince nations to heed the pope's warning and demarcations of land. Inter caetera : The Grand-Pappy of Colonization. (31) Alexander VI's Inter caetera not only reinforces the ability of popes to deny proclamations issued before their decisions but also created precedence for rubric 10, future charters and approval of for msc, New World land.
Papal rule and influence had historically motivated Christians to war, and the bull Inter caetera laid the foundations for Spanish conquest and a pope's ability to determine who and what could be ruled by Christian kings. Once a bull allowed a king to send colonists to referendum a foreign land, that land would be led in Catholicism with the king's ultimate power flowing from the Holy See. Heathens were not considered deserving of land or power, and at no time were they considered as the owners of their land or as being entitled to any role in connection with its disposition (Dickason 38-39). Biotechnology. Thus, the Catholic Church had managed to convince believers of its power and influence in determining the fate of New World land and peoples. Bulls such as Inter caetera solidified papal say in colonization while distancing the Church from any ultimate responsibility in the treatment of nonbelievers inhabiting those lands. Quebec. For the centuries following, the holy precedent of legal charters and grants became an for msc biotechnology, everyday occurrence and a natural part of political life. Barraclough, Geoffrey.
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The Expansion of Europe: The First Phase . Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1977. Williams, Robert A., Jr. The American Indian in Western Legal Thought: The Discourses of Conquest . The Essay. New York: Oxford UP, 1990.